Buckhorn Plantain

Pest: Buckhorn Plantain (Plantago lanceolata)

Pest Type: Perennial Broadleaf Weed

Major Identifying Features: Medicinal properties, tap root, narrow oval leaf blades are 3-12 inches long with 3-5 ribs that parallel the leaf margins, base of leaf stalk and the crown of the plant are covered with tan, wooly hairs, long flowering stalk that is 12-18 inches, short flower spike, seeds are black, shiny, and boat shaped

Life Cycle: Perennial, grows year-round, seeds germinate very near the soil surface at 50°F (77°F ideal), growth is slower in cold weather, flowering begins soon after the seedling stage and continues, can survive for many years

Pest Rating: Moderate

Management Rating: Difficult

Host/Season/Outbreak Information: Major weed of turf, ornamentals, gardens, waste areas, forage legumes, pastures, non-tilled orchards, irrigated pastures, alfalfa and clover fields,  grows best in moist areas with full sun and compacted soil, well adapted to irrigated areas

Damage Information: Major weed problem for turf grass or ornamental caretakers, from dense clumps that give poor footing for athletic fields and golf courses, reduces aesthetic values, competes out other desirable plants

Management Options: Prevention is very important by hand removal or spot treating can save a lot of trouble and many in the long run, Cultural control by removing plants before they go to seed, areas should be monitored after removal for several months, infested areas should be isolated and seeds removed until control can be accomplished, turf grass should be well maintained, mechanical control by removing/digging plants, needs to be done over years and with diligence, mulching with landscape fabrics, chemical control with 2,4-D or triclopyr, glyphosate can be helpful (usually not necessary in home gardens), WARNING ON THE USE OF CHEMICALS




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