Africanized Honey Bee

Pest: Africanized Honey Bee (Apis mellifera scutellata)

Pest Type: Insect Pest, Beneficial Insect

Major Identifying Features: 1/2 inch in lenght with an orange to yellowish-brown color and black intersegmental bands on the abdomen, legs and antenna are black, thorax, abdomen, and legs are densely covered with hairs, nests are arranged in patterns and made out of wax, hybrid cross between an African subspecies and the European subspecies

Life Cycle: Living in colonies with 60-120 thousand worker bees, a few hundred drones and a queen

Pest Rating: Moderate-invasive

Management Rating: Moderate

Host/Season/Outbreak Information: Nests can be found inside of structures (walls) or trees or hanging from protected locations on trees, nests are found in unusual places such as the ground, water meters, and barbecues (unlike European the honey bee), is currently found in Southeastern and Southwestern stats, new nests are build in spring or summer

Damage Information: Can only sting once and die, Africanized honey bees are much more aggressive than other honey bees, take over European colonies, can spread and move rapidly (up to 200 to 300 miles per year)

Management Options: Everyone who deals with stinging bees and wasps should wear protective gear, nests that do not disturb should be left alone, cultural control by removing individuals with a vacuum, by eliminating openings in exterior surfaces, by cleaning up food and drink spills, by not planting flowers close to entrances and buildings, mechanical control by emptying trash cans, by fixing plumbing leaks, by removing nests, chemical removal with pesticides (not advised)

Sources:

http://www.articles.extension.org

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