Asian Long-horned Beetle

Pest: Asian Long-horned Beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis)

Pest Type: Insect Pest, beetle

Major Identifying Features: The Asian Long-horned beetle (ALB) is large, ranging from 0.75-1.2 inches long, with very long black and white antennae, body is glossy dark with irregular white spots, beetles feed on hardwood, adults can be seen from late spring to fall

Life Cycle: ALB go through 4 stages of development called complete metamorphosis (egg, larva, pupa, adult), eggs are laid into notches that the female chews into the bark of tress, a female can lay up to 100 eggs

Pest Rating: Invasive

Management Rating: Difficult

Host/Season/Outbreak Information: These beetles have entered the U.S. in solid wood packing materials originating from Asia, the pest beetle has a broad host range and is mostly found on broadleaf trees and shrubs including maple, poplar, willow, mulberry, plum, pear, black locust, elms, buckeye and horse chestnut, rose of sharon, birch, Norway maple, sugar maple, silver maple, Sycamore, box elder

Damage Information: This insect has potential for great damage in the U.S., as it kills a wide range of shade trees, park trees, residential trees, especially maples, leading to expensive replantings,

Management Options: Prevention by improved monitoring in infested areas, better surveillance of imports, heat treatment of imported wood and pallets, and biological control with flat bark beetles, cylindrical bark beetles, clerids, click beetles, robber flies, assassin and ambush bugs, thrips, carpenter ants, birds, lizards, spiders, scorpions, toads, small mammals, nematodes, fungi, parasitic wasps, cultural control by cutting and removing invested trees

Sources:

http://www.ars.usda.gov

http://www.ipm.msu.edu

http://www.uvm.edu

http://www.orkin.com

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